Civil Services constitute all non-military departments of the government machinery, which run Government Administration. The Central and the State Civil Servants ensure that the constitutional guarantees and entitlements are brought within the reach of every citizen.
Civil Services in India rank very high as a career option among young students. The power and social status along with job security that a civil servant enjoys is unimaginable in any other profession. The Civil Services also provide great scope for a dynamic person with zeal and desire to bring qualitative changes in the functioning of the Government and even opportunities which could improve the lives of millions of Indians.
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the combined Civil Services Examination every year, to recruit officers into the Civil Services.
The jobs offered by the Civil Service Examination
The Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) selects candidates for various All India and Central Services, including for the most coveted services of Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS) and Indian Foreign Service (IFS).
IAS and IPS are All India Services created under Article 312 of the Constitution. The creation of such services provides safeguards for national unity and ensures uniformity of the administrative system throughout the country to maintain common administrative standards. Candidates selected for these two services are appointed to different state cadres and as and when required they also move to Central Government jobs on deputation.
The Civil Services are categorised in two groups, Group A, and Group B.
The Group ‘A’ services are:
- Indian Administrative Service
- Indian Police Service
- Indian Foreign Service
- Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
- Indian Audit and Accounts Service
- Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
- Indian Defence Accounts Service
- Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)
- Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
- Indian Postal Service
- Indian Civil Accounts Service
- Indian Railway Traffic Service
- Indian Railway Accounts Service
- Indian Railway Personnel Service
- Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force
- Indian Defence Estates Service
- Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
- Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)
- Indian Corporate Law Service
The main Group B services are:
- Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)
- Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
- Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
- Pondicherry Civil Service
- Pondicherry Police Service
Why are the Civil Services so coveted?
The Civil Services are considered the dream career for lakhs of young and talented people all over the country. The services encompass all one can aspire for: prestige, job security, salary package, opportunity of foreign tour, job satisfaction, etc.
There is diversity of work too – a wide variety of work is associated with civil services, like maintenance of law and order, developmental work, disaster management, representing India on international forum, administration, upliftment and empowerment of marginalised sections of society etc.
Civil Services in India are unparalleled and the happiness they bring to you is tremendous. Happiness of connecting a village by road or providing water to some hamlet or conducting smooth elections or providing relief in disasters is unparalleled. No other job provides you an opportunity to work for mankind from his birth up to his death, touching each and every aspect of his life. Only if you become senior minister or CM, you may do more but then it is not possible for everyone.
Civil servants in one way decide the fate of the nation as the implementation of all developmental and other government policy rest with them. If we talk of prestige and respect this is the most prestigious and respectful job of India as it is a job which provides an opportunity to satisfy personal ambition as well as contribute in social welfare.
The selection as civil servant is, however, rigorous and only about one thousand candidates are selected out of about 9 lakh aspirants every year.